The festival of Purim also known as the festival of Lots is celebrated every year on the 14th of the Hebrew month of Adar (late winter/early spring). It commemorates the salvation of the Jewish people in ancient Persia.
Pesach / Passover
The festival of Pesach is also known as the festival of Passover/Unleavened Bread. The eight-day festival of Passover is celebrated in the early spring, from the 15th through the 22nd of the Hebrew month of Nissan. It commemorates the setting free of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt.
Leviticus 23:4-8/Numbers 29:16-25
The word Shavuot means weeks, and the festival of Shavuot marks the completion of the seven-week counting period between Passover and Shavuot. The date of Shavuot is directly linked to that of Passover. On Passover, the people of Israel were freed from their enslavement to Pharaoh; on Shavuot they were given the Torah at Mount Sinai, and became a nation committed to serving God.
Yom Teruah also known as the Feast of Trumpets, or The Day Of The Awakening Blast.
It is on the 1st day of Tishrei, and begins the ‘The Ten Days Of Awe’. This is the 10 days of repentance for mankind leading up to Yom Kippur, ‘The Day Of Atonement’
Leviticus 23:23-25/Numbers 29:1-6
Yom Kippur is known as ‘Day Of Atonement”
Yom Kippur is “the tenth day of seventh month”(Tishrei). It is a sabbath of solemn rest. Traditionally it is the day high priest would go into the holy of hollies and make atonement for sin.
Leviticus 23:26-32/Numbers 29:7-11
Sukkot is also known as Feast of Tabernacles.
On the Jewish calendar Tishrei 15-21. For seven days and nights a temporary dwelling is made called a Sukkah. This festival is in remembrance of the forty years our ancestors traversed the Sinai desert living in temporary dwellings following the Exodus from Egypt.
Chanukah meaning “to dedicate”, is also known as the Festival of Lights and Feast of Dedication
It is an eight-day holiday commemorating the re-dedication of the Holy Temple (the Second Temple) in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt. It is observed by the lighting of one of the branches of a Chanukah Menorah each night.
Rosh Chodesh means, the Head of the Month. This is the name for the first day of every month in the Hebrew calendar.